Minor League salaries – disclosure


In September, thousands of junior baseball players joined the players’ union, and Major League Baseball voluntarily agreed to recognize the union as the players’ official bargaining chip. with a team Uncertain time from our colleagues at the shopIn this article, we explore how junior league players face low wages and hard work.

From Frisco RoughRiders to Dayton Dragons, minor league baseball teams are a classic American tradition. But some classic American laws don’t cover their players: players can earn less than the equivalent of minimum wage and don’t get paid for overtime.

Peter Balonon-Rosen of The Uncertain Hour explores just how low wages really are in the “farm system” of Major League Baseball, where MLB calls players “the apprentice.” Minor League players are sharing stories of having to sleep on air mattresses, splitting rent with up to seven other players, and barely able to afford a burrito.

Next, Chrissy Clark, host of The Uncertain Hour, takes us back to the 1930s to show how companies have been resisting worker protections since they first became law.

Finally, we’re back on the field to find out how MLB took advantage of loopholes in federal law to get around paying minimum wages and overtime. A former minor league player turned lawyer has filed a class action lawsuit against MLB and its teams. The league responded by pressing Congress to explicitly rewrite federal law to say baseball should not follow the same wage standards as other industries. The match started.

This is the rebroadcast of the original episode Aired in March 2021.


Reported by: Peter Balloon-Rosen, Chrissy Clark | Produced by: Caitlin Eich, Chris Jolin | Principal Producers: Peter Balloon-Rosen, Chrissy Clark | Edited by: Catherine Winter | Production Director: Omy Mostafa | Mixing and sound design: Jim Briggs and Fernando Arruda with assistance from Brett Simpson and Ameeta Ganatra | Digital Producer: Sarah Merck | Episode Art: Molly Mendoza | Interim Executive Producers: Brett Myers and Taki Telonidis | Host: Allison

Special Thanks: The entire team at The Uncertain Hour, including Muna Danish, Daniel Martinez, Marque Green, Sam Anderson, Robyn Edgar, Tony Wagner, Erica Phillips, Sitara Nieves, and Reveal’s Katharine Mieszkowski.

Jim Briggs III is chief sound designer, engineer and composer for Reveal. He oversees post-production and composes original music for public radio and podcasts. He also leads Reveal’s efforts in creating data sonication and live performances.

Prior to joining Reveal in 2014, Briggs mixed and recorded for clients such as WNYC Studios, NPR, CBC, and American Public Media. Credits include “Marketplace”, “Selected Pants”, “Death and Sex & Money”, “The Longest Time”, “Ask Me Another”, “Radiolab”, “Freakonomics Radio” and “Soundcheck”. He has also worked as a re-recording director and sound editor for several PBS television documentaries, including “American Experience: Walt Whitman”, the 2012 documentary Tea Party “Town Hall” and the “Supreme Court” miniseries. His music credits include albums by REM, Paul Simon, and Kelly Clarkson.

Briggs’ work with Reveal has been recognized with an Emmy Award (2016) and two Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia University Awards (2018, 2019). Previously, he was part of the team that won the Dart Award for Excellence in Trauma Coverage for his work on the hour-long WNYC documentary Living 9/11. He taught audio, radio, and music production at The New School and Eugene Lang College and earned a master’s degree in media studies from The New School. Briggs is based in the Revell office in Emeryville, California.

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Fernando Arruda is a sound designer, engineer and composer for Reveal. As a multi-instrumentalist, he contributes original music and edits and mixes weekly public radio programs and podcasts. He has been granted four O-1 visas for individuals of exceptional ability. His work has earned him Peabody Awards, DuPont Columbia, Edward R. Morrow, Gerald Loeb, Third Coast and Guild of Music Producers, as well as Emmy and Pulitzer nominations. Prior to joining Reveal, Arruda toured as an international DJ and taught music technology at Dubspot and ESRA International Film School. He worked at Antfood, a creative audio studio for television media and advertising, and co-founded a movie recording store called the Manhattan Composers Collective. He has worked with clients such as Marvel, MasterClass, Samsung and ad agencies such as Framestore, Trollb├Ąck + Company, BUCK and Vice. Arruda has released experimental music under the pseudonym FJAZZ and has played with many jazz, classical and pop bands, such as SFJAZZ Monday Night Band, Art & Sax quartet, Krychek and Dark Inc. and New York Arabic Orchestra. His podcast and radio credits include “51 percent” on NPR, WNYC’s “Bad Woman’s Happy Hour” and its live broadcast “The Hitchhiker” by Orson Welles, Wondery’s “Detective Trapp,” and MSNBC’s “Why Is This Happening?” and “Born to Rule” on NBC, to name a few. Arruda also has an extensive catalog of composed music for stage, orchestral and chamber music formats, some of which have been shown for the first time worldwide. He holds a master’s degree in film recording and composition from New York University Steinhardt. The original music he makes with Jim Briggs for Reveal can be found on Bandcamp.

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