The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

What initially seemed like a Dickinsonia fossil (left) decomposed and started to peel off the rock in just a few brief years (proper), an indication that it was one thing more moderen. Credit score: Gregory Retalak/Joe Mert

In 2020, amidst the primary lockdowns of the pandemic, a science convention scheduled for India by no means occurred.

However a gaggle of geologists who have been already on the location determined to take advantage of their time and visited the Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, a collection of caves with historical cave artwork close to Bhopal, India. There, they found a fossil of Dickinsonia—a flat, lengthy, primitive animal by advanced fauna. It was the primary ever discovery of Dickinsonia in India.

The animal lived 550 million years in the past, and the invention seems to have settled as soon as and for all of the controversial age of the rocks that make up a lot of the Indian subcontinent. The invention caught the eye of The New York Instances, Climate Channel, and The Journal nature In addition to many Indian newspapers.

Solely, because it seems, the “fossil” was a case of mistaken identification. The actual perpetrator? bees.

Researchers from the College of Florida traveled to the location final yr and found that the physique appeared to have noticeably pale—unusual for a fossil. What’s extra, large bee nests inhabit the location, and the mark that scientists noticed in 2020 bears a putting resemblance to the stays of those massive hives.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

The caves close to Bhopal, India host prehistoric cave artwork. Since they don’t have any fossils, it’s tough so far them. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“As quickly as I checked out it, I assumed one thing wasn’t there,” mentioned Joseph Mert, a UF geology professor and professional on the world’s geology. “The fossil was peeling off the rock.”

The sooner fossil was additionally mendacity virtually vertically alongside the partitions of the caves, which was inconsequential. As a substitute, says Mert, fossils on this space ought to solely be seen on the ground or ceiling of cave constructions.

Mert collaborated on the investigation with graduate college students Samuel Quavo, Ananya Singha and College of Rajasthan professor Manoj Pandit. They documented the organism’s speedy decomposition and photographed related stays from close by hives. The crew revealed their findings on mistaken identification Jan. 19 within the journal Gondwana Analysiswhich beforehand revealed a report on the serendipitous discovery of a Dickinsonia fossil.

Gregory Retalak, Professor Emeritus on the College of Oregon and lead writer of the e book The unique paperHe says he and his co-authors agree with Mert’s discovering that the organism is admittedly only a beehive. They’re submitting a remark in assist of the brand new paper to the journal.

This sort of self-correction is without doubt one of the primary tenets of the scientific methodology. However the fact is, admitting errors is difficult for scientists to do, and it does not occur fairly often.

The wrong fossil rewrites the history of the Indian subcontinent for the second time

Massive beehives dot the location. Deserted and rotting, they briefly resemble Dickinsonia primitive fossils. Credit score: Joseph Mert

“It’s uncommon however essential for scientists to confess errors when new proof is found,” Retalak mentioned in an e mail.

revision Fossil document The age of the rocks is in dispute. Due to rock formation It doesn’t include fossils from a identified time interval, which could be tough so far.

Mert says the proof nonetheless factors to the rocks being near a billion years previous. His crew used the radioactive decay of tiny crystals referred to as zircons so far the rocks to that point interval. And the rock magnetic signature, which captures details about Earth’s magnetic area when the rocks fashioned, carefully matches signatures of formations relationship again a billion years.

Different scientists have reported findings that assist a youthful age. The time interval is crucial to understanding due to its implications for the event of life within the area and the way the Indian subcontinent was fashioned.

“You would possibly say, ‘Properly, what is the large deal in the event that they’re 550 million or a billion years previous?'” “Properly, there are a whole lot of ramifications,” Mert mentioned. “One has to do with the traditional geography of the time, what was occurring to the continents, the place the continents have been situated, and the way they have been grouped. And that was a interval when life was going via an enormous change, from quite simple fossils to extra advanced fossils.”

“So looking for out the traditional geography of that point is essential. And with a view to know the traditional geography, we have now to know the age of the rocks,” he mentioned.

extra data:
Joseph G. Mert et al., Stinging Information: ‘Dickinsonia’ found in India’s higher Vindhyan is not definitely worth the hype, Gondwana Analysis (2023). DOI: 10.1016/

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